To Develop and disseminate biogas as the primary source of energy in the rural areas of Nepal.
Introduction of BSP-Nepal
Biogas Sector Partnership – Nepal (BSP-Nepal) is a professional organisation involved in developing and promoting appropriate rural and renewable energy technologies, particularly biogas, effective in improving livelihood of the rural people. It was established in 2003 under District Administration Office,Kathmandu under the Social Organization Act of the Government of Nepal.
It was established as an NGO in 2003 to take over the implementation responsibility of Biogas Support Programme (BSP). BSP was started in July 1992 with funding from the Directorate General for International Cooperation of the Netherlands (DGIS) of the Netherlands government through the Netherlands Development Organisation in Nepal (SNV/N). Government of Nepal (GoN) and theKreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau of Germany (KfW) also started funding the BSP from the Phase–III, which started in March 1997 and lasted till June 2003. Until Phase–III, BSP was directly implemented by SNV/N.BSP, Phase–IV was implemented after successful completion of the first 3 phases. BSP-Nepal had implemented BSP-IV and Interim Phase in all 75 districts of Nepal with the financial and technical support from Alternative Energy Promotion Centre (AEPC) and SNV/N. The subsidy component for BSP-IV has been co-funded by KfW, DGIS and GoN.
The overall objective of the interim phase of BSP to further develop and disseminate biogas plants as a mainstream renewable energy solution in rural Nepal, while better addressing poverty, social inclusion and regional balance issues and at the same time ensuring enhanced commercialization and sustainability of the sector. As per interim phase, BSP-Nepal’s responsibilities as a principal implementer are as: promotion and awareness, quality control and assurance, training and capacity building, and support to AEPC for carbon benefits, policy analysis, developing innovative modality of financing and related activities.
BSP-Nepal established a new division within the organization known as the New Project Wing (NPW) Division in November 2006 to manage the rainwater and other non-BSP activities separately. This new initiative has brought about important strategic benefits in promotion of rainwater together with biogas technology in Nepal and to further institutionalize the efforts made so far under BSP. It has already undertaken many projects outside the framework of BSP. They are rainwater harvesting projects through which it has been nominated as the Rainwater Harvesting Capacity Centre (RHCC) in Nepal for RAIN Foundation of the Netherlands. Similarly, the project for construction of 421 rainwater harvesting tanks with Ashden Award cash prize was also successfully completed within the stipulated time. The integrated and partnership approach has taken the biogas program to a new height in Nepal, mainly through complementarities and synergy effects for renewable energy and sanitation. The establishment of the NPW Division has been driven by the vision of improving livelihood of communities through promotion of different environment-friendly solutions. Its mission is to promote environment-friendly and sustainable solutions for the people in partnership with other players in the sector(s) to improve livelihood and environment protection.
BSP- Nepal has acquired adequate experience in promoting Biogas plant, Toilet, Carbon Marketing, Rainwater Harvesting (RWH), Bio-fertilizer promotion and Micro Enterprises Development (income generation activities).RWH as a source of safe water and enable its use in water scarce areas for income generation and livelihood enhancement- particularly women and children by improving access to water for drinking, irrigation, using from biogas, and better sanitation. Also advocating and advising for RWH uptakes, local resource mobilization, sensitizing and capacity building at various levels of project development and implementation. Furthermore on quality control, monitoring and evaluation & standard development for better practice model as well as collaboration with private companies, local and national suppliers, different community groups, MFIs and banks. The project will be further used as demonstration sites to attract other donors.